There is evidence that the Jews in Rhodes have been there since the 2nd century B.C.
Rhodes was under Turkish rule until it was ceded to Italy after World War I. Germany occupied Rhodes in 1944. Rhodes became part of Greece in 1948.
In 1941 2,000 Jews lived in Rhodes. They had four synagogues.
In 1944 the Jews of Rhodes and Kos were arrested by the Nazis. They were sent to Piraeus and then deported to Auschwitz. During the Holocaust almost all Jews of Rhodes perished. Only 150 of them survived.
Today there are only about 30 Jews living in Rhodes.
Photos by Emmanuel Santos
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